Evaluation of MR imaging guided steroid injection of the sacroiliac joints for the treatment of children with refractory enthesitis-related arthritis

Eur Radiol. 2011 May;21(5):1050-7. doi: 10.1007/s00330-010-1994-1. Epub 2010 Oct 29.


Objectives: To test the hypothesis that MR imaging guided triamcinolone acetonide injection into the sacroiliac joints of children with enthesitis-related arthritis is feasible, accurate and safe; and effectively reduces sacroiliac inflammation and disease progression.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of 14 children (6/14 [43%] female, 8/14 (57%) male; mean age, 13.2 years; range, 6-16 years) who received MR imaging guided sacroiliac joint injections at 0.2 Tesla or 1.5 Tesla for enthesitis-related arthritis and acute sacroilitis refractory to medical therapy was performed. 20 mg triamcinolone acetonide were injected. Assessed were intra-articular drug delivery; image quality, duration, and complications. Success of therapy was defined by change of sacroiliac inflammation. Remission time and erosions were assessed by follow-up MRI (range, 10-22 months).

Results: Twenty four procedures resulted in intra-articular injection. Image quality was sufficient. No complications occurred. Procedure time was 40 min. Sedation time was 22 min. Success of therapy was achieved in 11/14 (79%) children. Sacroiliac inflammation decreased significantly (-59%). Median remission time was 13.7 months. No erosions occurred.

Conclusions: MR imaging guided steroid injection of the sacroiliac joints is feasible, accurate, and safe and can effectively reduce sacroiliac inflammatory activity and may therefore aid in the prevention of disease progression.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Arthritis / drug therapy
  • Arthritis / etiology
  • Arthritis / pathology*
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Injections, Intra-Articular
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sacroiliac Joint / drug effects
  • Sacroiliac Joint / pathology*
  • Steroids / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Steroids