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. 1990 Jan;154(1):121-3.
doi: 10.2214/ajr.154.1.2104694.

Rotator Cuff Tears: Diagnosis With Sonography

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Rotator Cuff Tears: Diagnosis With Sonography

C W Vick et al. AJR Am J Roentgenol. .

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of sonography in the detection of rotator cuff tears. Eighty-one patients were referred by orthopedic specialists because of a clinical suspicion of rotator cuff tear. The standards of comparison were arthrography in 79 cases and surgery in two cases. The sonographic technique used was based on a review of the literature and experience gained by scanning normal subjects. The sonographic criteria for the diagnosis of a complete rotator cuff tear were a focal defect in the cuff or complete absence or nonvisualization of the cuff. All sonograms were interpreted prospectively without knowledge of arthrographic or surgical results. With arthrography as the standard of comparison for the diagnosis of rotator cuff tear, sonographic results included 15 true-positives, 52 true-negatives, eight false-negatives, and four false-positives. With surgery as the standard of comparison, the results were one true-positive and one true-negative sonogram. The sensitivity of sonography in detecting rotator cuff tear was 0.67, the specificity was 0.93, and the accuracy was 0.85. Our study found lower sensitivity and accuracy results for shoulder sonography than have been previously reported.

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