Lung hernia: radiographic features

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Jan;154(1):51-3. doi: 10.2214/ajr.154.1.2104725.


Lung hernia is an abnormal protrusion of the lung beyond the confines of the thoracic cage. Hernias are classified as cervical, intercostal, or diaphragmatic. Each of these types can be either congenital or acquired. Acquired hernias can be spontaneous, posttraumatic, or pathologic as a result of a neoplastic or inflammatory process. This report describes five cases of lung hernias. Two were congenital cervical hernias, detected as incidental findings on chest radiographs of infants. One was a posttraumatic intercostal hernia detected on a chest radiograph and confirmed with CT. The remaining two were acquired intercostal hernias at the site of prior chest-tube drainage of tuberculous empyemas. Although both of these were clearly shown on CT scans, only one was visible on chest radiographs.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Hernia / congenital
  • Hernia / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intercostal Muscles
  • Lung Diseases / congenital
  • Lung Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neck
  • Radiography