Objective: • To evaluate the impact and distribution of a single phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5 I) dose (udenafil or tadalafil) in prostate tissue and plasma in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Patients and methods: • Thirty BPH patients complaining of erectile dysfunction along with moderate-to-severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) were enrolled in the present study. • The patients were randomly divided into the three groups: group 1, TURP without PDE5 Is; group 2, 200 mg of udenafil given 1 h before TURP; and group 3, 20 mg of tadalafil given 1 h before TURP. • We evaluated the concentrations of PDE5-I, cAMP and cGMP in prostate tissues and plasma, and calculated the prostate tissue-to-plasma (T/P) ratio.
Results: • The concentration of udenafil in prostate tissue and plasma was 2028.6 ± 360.8 ng/g and 463.7 ± 39.1 ng/mL, respectively, and the resulting T/P ratio was 4.4. The tadalafil concentration in prostate tissue and plasma was 385.7 ± 83.8 ng/g and 305.8 ± 41.1 ng/mL, respectively, and the T/P ratio was 1.3. • Udenafil and tadalafil significantly increased the cAMP and cGMP levels in plasma and prostate tissues.
Conclusions: • Udenafil and tadalafil significantly increased cAMP and cGMP levels and were more highly distributed in the prostate than plasma. The T/P ratio of udenafil was higher than tadalafil. • These findings may help in the assessment of the feasibility of using PDE5 Is to concurrently treat both LUTS and erectile dysfunction.
© 2010 THE AUTHORS. BJU INTERNATIONAL © 2010 BJU INTERNATIONAL.