Adolescent pregnancy in Upper Egypt

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2011 Jan;112(1):21-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.08.006. Epub 2010 Nov 4.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the reasons for adolescent pregnancy in Upper Egypt and to evaluate maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes.

Methods: All primigravidae under 30 years of age who attended the labor/delivery ward at Sohag University Hospital, Sohag, Egypt, between December 31, 2005, and December 31, 2009, were invited to participate. Participants were allocated to the study group (up to 19 years of age at first pregnancy) or the control group (20-30 years of age at first pregnancy). Maternal, obstetric, fetal, and neonatal complications were compared between the groups, and adolescent participants completed a questionnaire to identify the reasons for pregnancy.

Results: In total, 58.2% had married seeking motherhood. Rates of ectopic pregnancy, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, premature rupture of membranes, preterm labor, and cesarean were significantly higher among adolescents younger than 15 years of age; the risk then decreased steadily with age and became comparable to the control group after 16 years of age.

Conclusion: Adolescent pregnancy increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, premature rupture of membranes, preterm labor, and cesarean among mothers up to 16 years of age. After 16 years of age, pregnancy is not associated with increased risk of obstetric or neonatal complications.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Cesarean Section / statistics & numerical data
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Eclampsia / epidemiology
  • Eclampsia / etiology
  • Egypt / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Obstetric Labor, Premature / epidemiology
  • Obstetric Labor, Premature / etiology
  • Pre-Eclampsia / epidemiology
  • Pre-Eclampsia / etiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology*
  • Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology*
  • Pregnancy in Adolescence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult