Factors associated with HIV testing among immigrants in Portugal

Int J Public Health. 2011 Oct;56(5):559-66. doi: 10.1007/s00038-010-0215-7. Epub 2010 Nov 6.


Objectives: This paper describes the uptake of HIV testing and its associated factors among a sample of immigrants in Portugal.

Methods: A questionnaire was completed by 1,513 immigrants at the National Immigrant Support Centre, in Lisbon. The magnitude of the association between ever been HIV tested and socio-demographic variables was estimated by means of crude and adjusted odds ratios, and their 95% confidence intervals, using logistic regression.

Results: Approximately half of the participants reported having ever been HIV tested. Age, sex, educational level, region of origin, immigration status and knowing someone infected were independently associated with the HIV test uptake. Almost 90% of participants reported knowing where to obtain support on HIV-related issues. Most declared preferring doctors to get HIV information. However, only 9.2% had sought HIV information at the National Health Service.

Conclusions: Our results suggest differences between migrant groups regarding HIV testing. Adopting more innovative approaches to HIV testing could improve the efficacy of HIV prevention strategies, especially among vulnerable groups within immigrant population as male and undocumented.

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Serodiagnosis / statistics & numerical data*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Emigrants and Immigrants*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis*
  • HIV*
  • Humans
  • Information Seeking Behavior
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Portugal
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult