Outcome in geriatric fracture patients and how it can be improved

Osteoporos Int. 2010 Dec;21(Suppl 4):S615-9. doi: 10.1007/s00198-010-1401-4. Epub 2010 Nov 6.

Abstract

Geriatric fractures are an increasing medical problem worldwide. This article wants to give an overview on the literature concerning the outcome to be expected in geriatric fracture patients and what can be done to improve it. In literature, excess mortality rates vary from 12% to 35% in the first year after a hip fracture, and also, other geriatric fractures seem to reduce the patient's remaining lifetime. Geriatric fractures and, in particular, hip fractures constitute a major source of disability and diminished quality of life in the elderly. Age, gender, comorbid conditions, prefracture functional abilities, and fracture type have an impact on the outcome regarding ambulation, activities of daily living, and quality of life. Comprehensive orthogeriatric comanagement might improve the outcome of geriatric fracture patients. For the future, well designed, large prospective randomized controlled trials with clear outcome variables are needed to finally prove the effectiveness of existing concepts.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Hip Fractures / mortality
  • Hip Fractures / rehabilitation
  • Hip Fractures / surgery
  • Humans
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / mortality
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / rehabilitation*
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / surgery
  • Quality of Life
  • Recovery of Function
  • Treatment Outcome