Aims: We investigated coronary artery calcium in association with glucose levels and variability measured using continuous glucose monitoring in adults with Type 1 diabetes in the Coronary Artery Calcification in Type 1 Diabetes study.
Methods: Coronary artery calcium was measured by electron beam tomography. The presence of any coronary artery calcium was analysed with respect to glucose levels [mean(T) (mean glucose), % of values < 3.9 mmol/l, > 10 mmol/l and either < 3.9 or > 10 mmol/l] and glycaemic variability [sd(T) (sd of all glucose values); sd(dm) (sd of the daily mean glucose levels) and sd(hh:mm) (glucose sd for a specified time of day, over all days)] using 3-5 days of continuous glucose monitoring from 75 subjects (45 women, 30 men), age 42 ± 9 years (mean ± sd) and diabetes duration of 29 ± 8 years using logistic regression.
Results: We observed significant associations between coronary artery calcium and mean(T) (OR = 4.4, 95% CI 1.1-18.6), % of values > 10 mmol/l (OR = 5.5, 95% CI 1.3-22.6), % of measures < 3.9 or > 10 mmol/l (OR = 5.7, 95% CI 1.3-24.9), sd(T) (OR = 4.7, 95% CI 1.1-19.7), sd(dm) (OR = 6.0, 95% CI 1.2-30.4) and sd(hh:mm) (OR = 4.0, 95% CI 1.1-15.4), among men, but none of these variables were associated with the presence of coronary artery calcium in women.
Conclusions: We report the novel finding that subclinical atherosclerosis is associated with glucose levels and variability in men with Type 1 diabetes. The relationship of coronary artery calcium and glucose variability in Type 1 diabetes, and potential gender differences in this association, deserve further study.
© 2010 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2010 Diabetes UK.