Salmonella in raw meat and by-products from pork and beef

J Food Prot. 2010 Oct;73(10):1780-4. doi: 10.4315/0362-028x-73.10.1780.

Abstract

After campylobacteriosis, salmonellosis is the second main cause of human bacterial enteritis in Germany. Salmonella is known to colonize the gastrointestinal tract of animals without producing any clinical signs. Therefore, carcasses can become contaminated with Salmonella at the time of slaughter. During an 11-month period, a total of 4,170 raw meat samples and by-products from beef and pork, obtained from seven different slaughterhouses in Southern Germany, were screened by the VIDAS system for Salmonella in this study. Positive results were confirmed by isolation of the pathogen on selective agars. The overall percentage of Salmonella-positive samples was 1.4% by the VIDAS system and 0.7% by culture confirmation. Salmonella was detected in 1.8% of pork samples by the VIDAS system and in 1.1% of samples by culture. In beef samples the presence of Salmonella was verified in 0.6% of samples by the VIDAS system and in 0.1% by culture on selective agars. The highest contamination rates were found in porcine and bovine tongue samples. Salmonella was detected in porcine samples throughout the year, except in samples collected in July, and a slight increase was observed in the colder months. The VIDAS system was shown to be an efficient screening method for the detection of Salmonella, with the advantage of a reduced analysis time.

MeSH terms

  • Abattoirs*
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Colony Count, Microbial
  • Consumer Product Safety
  • Food Contamination / analysis*
  • Food Microbiology
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Meat / microbiology*
  • Meat Products / microbiology
  • Salmonella / isolation & purification*
  • Salmonella Food Poisoning / prevention & control
  • Seasons
  • Swine