Plastic ingestion by planktivorous fishes in the North Pacific Central Gyre

Mar Pollut Bull. 2010 Dec;60(12):2275-8. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2010.08.007. Epub 2010 Nov 9.


A significant amount of marine debris has accumulated in the North Pacific Central Gyre (NPCG). The effects on larger marine organisms have been documented through cases of entanglement and ingestion; however, little is known about the effects on lower trophic level marine organisms. This study is the first to document ingestion and quantify the amount of plastic found in the gut of common planktivorous fish in the NPCG. From February 11 to 14, 2008, 11 neuston samples were collected by manta trawl in the NPCG. Plastic from each trawl and fish stomach was counted and weighed and categorized by type, size class and color. Approximately 35% of the fish studied had ingested plastic, averaging 2.1 pieces per fish. Additional studies are needed to determine the residence time of ingested plastics and their effects on fish health and the food chain implications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diet
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Fishes*
  • Food Chain
  • Gastrointestinal Contents / chemistry
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Plankton
  • Plastics / analysis*
  • Stomach / chemistry
  • Water Movements
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*


  • Plastics
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical