Effectiveness of virtual reality using Wii gaming technology in children with Down syndrome

Res Dev Disabil. 2011 Jan-Feb;32(1):312-21. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2010.10.002. Epub 2010 Nov 10.


This quasi-experimental study compared the effect of standard occupational therapy (SOT) and virtual reality using Wii gaming technology (VRWii) on children with Down syndrome (DS). Children (n = 105) were randomly assigned to intervention with either SOT or VRWii, while another 50 served as controls. All children were assessed with measures of sensorimotor functions. At post-intervention, the treatment groups significantly outperformed the control group on all measures. Participants in the VRWii group had a greater pre-post change on motor proficiency, visual-integrative abilities, and sensory integrative functioning. Virtual reality using Wii gaming technology demonstrated benefit in improving sensorimotor functions among children with DS. It could be used as adjuvant therapy to other proven successful rehabilitative interventions in treating children with DS.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child, Preschool
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Down Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Down Syndrome / rehabilitation*
  • Games, Experimental*
  • Humans
  • Motor Skills*
  • Physical Therapy Modalities / instrumentation*
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Treatment Outcome
  • User-Computer Interface*