Clinical consequences of the Calypso trial showing superiority of PEG-liposomal doxorubicin and carboplatin over paclitaxel and carboplatin in recurrent ovarian cancer: results of an Austrian gynecologic oncologists' expert meeting

Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2010 Nov;122(21-22):649-52. doi: 10.1007/s00508-010-1483-1. Epub 2010 Nov 15.


The Calypso trial showed an improved progression-free survival with PEG-liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) and carboplatin (P) as compared with the standard regimen paclitaxel (PCLTX) and P in the second- or third-line treatment of platinum-sensitive epithelial ovarian cancer [1]. A panel of Austrian gynecologic oncologists discussed the clinical consequences of the data from the Calypso study for the routine practice. PLD + P had a significantly lower rate of alopecia and neuropathy than the taxane regimen, both toxicities which compromise the quality of life. Due to possible significant thrombocytopenia, the blood counts of patients undergoing PLD + P therapy should be monitored weekly. Patients receiving PLD/P are at higher risk of nausea and vomiting. Palmoplantar erythrodysesthesia (hand-foot syndrome) is a significant toxicity of PLD + P most prevalent after the third or fourth cycle. Prophylaxis consists of avoiding pressure on feet and hands and other parts of the body. Similarly, prophylaxis of mucositis seems important and includes avoiding consumption of hot, spicy and salty foods and drinks. Mouth dryness should be avoided. Premedication with antiemetics and dexamethasone dissolved in 5% glucose is done to prevent hypersensitivity to PLD. In conclusion, the therapeutic index is more favorable for PLD + P than for PCTX + P.

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Austria / epidemiology
  • Carboplatin / therapeutic use
  • Doxorubicin / analogs & derivatives
  • Doxorubicin / therapeutic use
  • Expert Testimony*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / mortality*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Paclitaxel / therapeutic use
  • Polyethylene Glycols / therapeutic use
  • Prevalence
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic*
  • Survival Analysis
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome


  • liposomal doxorubicin
  • Polyethylene Glycols
  • Doxorubicin
  • Carboplatin
  • Paclitaxel