Any complaints from a patient about their memory should be examined. Diagnosis is based on international criteria. The basic evaluation consists of the medical history, clinical evaluation, cognitive tests and brain imaging, especially using MRI. When a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, AD with cerebrovascular disease or with Lewy Body disease, or Dementia associated with Parkinson's disease or LBD is made, evidence based medical therapy is indicated as part of comprehensive care. An acetylcholinesterase inhibitor or memantine can be used. These drugs are ineffective in the case of frontotemporal degenerations. For severe behavioural disorders, other psychoactive medications can be applied.