The role of neuroimaging in sport-related concussion

Clin Sports Med. 2011 Jan;30(1):103-14, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2010.09.003.


This article describes some of the newer techniques that are being used in the clinical assessment of patients following mild to moderate TBI, addresses their use in the acute setting, and explores their potential role in long-term follow-up. Also addressed are the challenges faced before some of these newer techniques can be incorporated into routine clinical management. Large studies are needed with a special emphasis on the effects of repeated head trauma in the young athlete. This is especially relevant where conventional imaging does not demonstrate a macroscopic abnormality. The emphasis has to shift from identifying structural abnormalities on imaging studies to understanding the functional changes in the brain that may explain the long-term neuropsychological effects of concussion and mTBI.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Athletic Injuries / pathology
  • Brain Concussion / diagnosis*
  • Brain Concussion / pathology
  • Brain Injuries / diagnosis
  • Brain Injuries / pathology
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Diffusion Tensor Imaging
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Neurologic Examination / instrumentation
  • Neurologic Examination / methods
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon