Medical therapies for concussion

Clin Sports Med. 2011 Jan;30(1):115-24, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2010.08.003.


Clinicians who manage sport-related concussions have excellent guidelines by which most injuries can be managed. Because sport-related concussions typically resolve within a short time frame, most can be managed with physical and cognitive rest alone. However, clinicians who specialize in the assessment and management of this diagnosis encounter patients with prolonged recovery courses, persistent symptoms, and significant deficits in cognitive functioning. These patients require more involved therapy, which may include additional education, academic accommodations, physical therapy, cognitive rehabilitation, and medication. This article reviews the main medical therapies for the management of concussive brain injury.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amantadine / therapeutic use
  • Analgesics, Non-Narcotic / therapeutic use
  • Antiparkinson Agents / therapeutic use
  • Athletic Injuries / drug therapy*
  • Brain Concussion / complications
  • Brain Concussion / drug therapy*
  • Brain Injuries / complications
  • Brain Injuries / drug therapy
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / therapeutic use
  • Cognition
  • Cognition Disorders / drug therapy
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology
  • Cognition Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Humans
  • Methylphenidate / therapeutic use
  • Sleep Wake Disorders
  • Sports Medicine / education
  • Trauma Severity Indices


  • Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
  • Antiparkinson Agents
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
  • Methylphenidate
  • Amantadine