Pediatric travelers visiting friends and relatives (VFR) abroad: illnesses, barriers and pre-travel recommendations

Travel Med Infect Dis. 2011 Jul;9(4):192-203. doi: 10.1016/j.tmaid.2010.09.007. Epub 2010 Nov 11.


Global mobility has shown a steady rise in recent years, with increased immigration and international travel. The VFR traveler is a traveler whose primary purpose of travel is to visit friends and relatives (VFR), where there is a gradient of risk between home and destination. Children are more likely to be VFR travelers than adults. Pediatric VFR travelers have higher risks for certain infectious travel-related illnesses and face multiple barriers in receiving comprehensive pre-travel care. This review focuses on the current state of knowledge of the pediatric VFR traveler, including epidemiological risks, barriers to adequate pre-travel services, and specific recommendations for disease prevention.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Communicable Disease Control / methods*
  • Health Planning Guidelines*
  • Humans
  • Pediatrics / methods*
  • Travel*