Background: To investigate the relationship between chemokines and cytokines and osteonecrosis in Gaucher disease, we conducted multiplex assays in a cohort of 100 adult patients.
Methods: Mean age was 45 years (18-86); 92 Gaucher patients received imiglucerase (median duration 8 years (2-18)). Forty-three had experienced osteonecrosis (ON), and eight had ON despite enzyme therapy. Serum cytokines/chemokines were determined by fluorimetric bead arrays in samples from Gaucher patients and healthy volunteers (10 males and 10 females). Intra-assay and inter-assay coefficients of variation were 2%-9.8% and 5.6%-15%, respectively.
Results: VEGF and CCL5/RANTES did not differ between Gaucher and control samples. Concentrations of CCL3/MIP-1α, CCL4/MIP-1β, CCL2/MCP-1, CXCL8/IL-8, IL-1ra and CCL18/PARC were elevated in Gaucher patients (p<0.05 for each). Median CCL4/MIP-1β, CXCL8/IL-8, CCL5/RANTES and CCL18/PARC concentrations were greater in the 43 osteonecrosis patients (88.6 pg/mL, 30.5 pg/mL, 89.6 ng/mL and 434 ng/mL, respectively) compared with the 57 patients who had no evidence of osteonecrosis (medians of 59.4, 13.3, 62.7 and 283, respectively, p<0.05). Moreover, the eight patients with ON despite imiglucerase had median concentrations of CCL3/MIP-1α, CCL4/MIP-1β, CXCL8/IL-8, CCL5/RANTES and CCL18/PARC (73.2, 120.9, 36.3 pg/mL, 105 and 767 ng/mL, respectively), which significantly exceeded the values in 84 patients now free of ON (52.3, 71.2, 16.5 pg/mL, 69.5 and 315 ng/mL, respectively, p<0.05). Treatment exposures were similar.
Conclusion: Numerous serum cytokines are elevated in Gaucher disease. CCL18/PARC, CCL3/MIP-1α, CCL4/MIP-1β, CCL5/RANTES and CXCL8/IL-8 are potential biomarkers of osteonecrosis and may allow prediction of this disabling complication.
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.