A splice-junction mutation responsible for familial apolipoprotein A-II deficiency

Am J Hum Genet. 1990 Apr;46(4):822-7.


The first case of familial apolipoprotein A-II (apo A-II) deficiency was recently reported from Hiroshima, Japan, and designated apo A-IIHiroshima. The proband had no immunologically detectable apo A-II in her plasma. DNA sequence analysis showed that the proband was homozygous for a G----A transition at position 1 of intron 3 of the apo A-II gene. A sister of the proband, who had an intermediate level of plasma apo AII, was shown to be heterozygous for this base substitution. This splice-junction alteration is most likely responsible for apo A-II deficiency, since it would be expected to completely block splicing of intron 3 from the primary transcript and therefore prevent formation of functional mRNA. This deficiency seems to have little influence either on lipid and lipoprotein profiles or on the occurrence of coronary artery disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Apolipoprotein A-II
  • Apolipoproteins A / deficiency
  • Apolipoproteins A / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA / genetics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / deficiency
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / genetics*
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA Splicing*


  • Apolipoprotein A-II
  • Apolipoproteins A
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • DNA