Transformational leadership training programme for charge nurses

J Adv Nurs. 2011 Mar;67(3):633-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05507.x. Epub 2010 Nov 16.


Aim: This paper is a report of an evaluation of the effects of a transformational leadership training programme on Unit Charge Nurses' leadership practices.

Background: Current healthcare regulations in the European Union and accreditation efforts of hospitals for their services mandate transformation in healthcare services in Turkey. Therefore, the transformational leadership role of nurse managers is vital in determining and achieving long-term goals in this process.

Method: The sample consisted of 30 Unit Charge Nurses with a baccalaureate degree and 151 observers at two university hospitals in Turkey. Data were collected using the Leadership Practices Inventory-Self and Observer (applied four times during a 14-month study process from December 2005 to January 2007). The transformational leadership training programme had theoretical (14 hours) and individual study (14 hours) in five sections. Means, standard deviations and percentages, repeated measure tests and two-way factor analysis were used for analysis.

Results: According the Leadership Practices Inventory-Self and Observer ratings, leadership practices increased statistically significantly with the implementation of the programme. There were no significant differences between groups in age, length of time in current job and current position. The Unit Charge Nurses Leadership Practices Inventory self-ratings were significantly higher than those of the observers.

Conclusion: There is a need to develop similar programmes to improve the leadership skills of Unit Charge Nurses, and to make it mandatory for nurses assigned to positions of Unit Charge Nurse to attend this kind of leadership programme.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Curriculum
  • European Union
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Health Care Reform / organization & administration*
  • Hospitals, University / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Inservice Training*
  • Leadership*
  • Nursing Evaluation Research
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / organization & administration*
  • Nursing, Supervisory*
  • Organizational Innovation
  • Program Evaluation
  • Self-Assessment
  • Turkey