Purpose: VEGF, mTOR, and EGFR inhibitors have demonstrated anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic effects alone and in combination with each other. This study evaluated the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of bevacizumab, everolimus, and erlotinib combination.
Methods: Doublet therapy consisted of bevacizumab at 10 mg/kg every 14 days and everolimus 5 mg daily which escalated to 10 mg daily. Erlotinib 75 mg daily was added to the phase II dose recommended phase II dose (RPTD) of bevacizumab and everolimus. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was assessed in cycle 1.
Results: Forty-eight patients with advanced solid malignancies were evaluable for DLT and efficacy. No DLTs were observed in the doublet dose escalation. Two DLTs (grade 3 mucositis and grade 3 rash) were observed with the addition of erlotinib 75 mg daily. Consequently, triplet doses were adjusted and were better tolerated. Four patients had a partial response. Median progression-free survival (PFS) for the doublet therapy was 6.0 months (0.5 to 32+ months) and 5.5 months (0.8 to 27+ months) for the triplet therapy. Systemic exposure of everolimus was significantly higher in combination with erlotinib (476 ± 161 ng h/mL) compared to when given alone (393 ± 156 ng h/mL; P = 0.020).
Conclusions: The RPTD for the doublet therapy is bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 14 days and everolimus 10 mg daily, and the RPTD for the triplet therapy is bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 14 days, everolimus 5 mg and erlotinib 75 mg daily. Prolonged disease stability was demonstrated in tumors known to respond to mTOR inhibition and potentially resistant to VEGF blockade.