Acetyl CoA carboxylase isoforms 1 and 2 (ACC1/2) are key enzymes of fat utilization and their inhibition is considered to improve aspects of the metabolic syndrome. To identify pharmacological inhibitors of ACC1/2, a high throughput screen was performed which resulted in the identification of the lead compound 3 ( Gargazanli , G. ; Lardenois , P. ; Frost , J. ; George , P. Patent WO9855474 A1, 1998 ) as a moderate selective ACC2 inhibitor. Optimization of 3 led to 4m ( Zoller , G. ; Schmoll , D. ; Mueller , M. ; Haschke , G. ; Focken , I. Patent WO2010003624 A2, 2010 ) as a submicromolar dual ACC1/2 inhibitor of the rat and human isoforms. 4m possessed favorable pharmacokinetic parameters. This compound stimulated fat oxidation in vivo and reduced plasma triglyceride levels in a rodent model after subchronic administration. 4m is a suitable tool compound for the elucidation of the pharmacological potential of ACC1/2 inhibition.