Novel MS solutions inspired by MIST

Bioanalysis. 2010 Jul;2(7):1291-313. doi: 10.4155/bio.10.83.


To improve patient safety and to help avoid costly late-stage failures, the pharmaceutical industry, along with the US FDA and International Committee on Harmonization (ICH), recommends the identification of differences in drug metabolism between animals used in nonclinical safety assessments and humans as early as possible during the drug-development process. LC-MS is the technique of choice for detection and characterization of metabolites, however, the widely different LC-MS response observed for a new chemical entity (NCE) and its structurally related metabolites limits the direct use of LC-MS responses for quantitative determination of NCEs and metabolites. While no method provides completely accurate universal response, UV, corona charged aerosol detection (CAD), radioactivity, NMR and low-flow (< 20 µl/min) nanospray approaches provide opportunities to quantify metabolites in the absence of reference standards or radiolabeled material with enough precision to meet the needs of early clinical development.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Environmental Exposure / analysis
  • Humans
  • Mass Spectrometry / methods*
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / analysis*
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / metabolism*
  • Reproducibility of Results


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations