Alternative transplant procedures for acute liver failure

Acta Gastroenterol Belg. 2010 Jul-Sep;73(3):374-9.

Abstract

Acute liver failure (ALF) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The outcome is highly unpredictable and recovery depends on several factors. Patients can deteriorate with increasing encephalopathy, coagulopathy and progress to multiorgan failure (MOF). In such patients, liver transplantation (LT) is the only current potential cure. Orthotopic liver transplantation remains the standard procedure for LT in ALF, however, other surgical options have been explored. This review summarises the use of a variety of alternative transplant procures for the treatment of acute liver failure including: Two stage OLT, Auxiliary liver transplant, Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), and ABO incompatible liver transplant.

MeSH terms

  • Hepatectomy
  • Humans
  • Liver / diagnostic imaging
  • Liver Failure, Acute / surgery*
  • Liver Transplantation / methods*
  • Living Donors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed