[(14) C]-Assimilate translocation in the light and dark in celery (Apium graveokns) leaves of different ages

Physiol Plant. 1990 Aug;79(4):656-62. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1990.tb00040.x.


The 2 major photosynthetic products and translocated carbohydrates in celery (Apium graveolens L.) are sucrose and the sugar alcohol, mannitol. Sucrose is produced and utilized in leaves of all ages. Mannitol, however, is synthesized primarily in mature leaves, utilized in young leaves and stored in all leaves. Here we show that mannitol export was lower from young, expanding leaves than from older leaves. After a 10 min pulse of (14) CO(2) and a 2 h chase in the light or dark there was more radioactivity in sucrose than in mannitol in petiole tissues from leaves of all ages. However, after a chase of 15 h in the dark or 6 h in the light followed by 9 h in the dark, mannitol was the predominant [(14) C]-labeled carbohydrate remaining in all leaf and petiole tissues. Thus, newly synthesized sucrose was apparently exported at a faster rate than mannitol and more mannitol was partitioned into vacuolar storage pools than was sucrose. It also appears that in the light both sucrose and mannitol were exported, but in the dark, once sucrose pools were depleted, mannitol remained as the predominant substance translocated. Both mannitol and sucrose were unloaded into petiole storage parenchyma tissue, but sucrose was hydrolyzed prior to storage.