Genetic analysis of the adenosine3 (Gart) region of the second chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster

Genetics. 1990 Apr;124(4):889-97. doi: 10.1093/genetics/124.4.889.


The Gart gene of Drosophila melanogaster is known, from molecular biological evidence, to encode a polypeptide that serves three enzymatic functions in purine biosynthesis. It is located in polytene chromosome region 27D. One mutation in the gene (ade3(1)) has been described previously. We report here forty new ethyl methanesulfonate-induced mutations selected aga!nst a synthetic deficiency of the region from 27C2-9 to ++28B3-4. The mutations were characterized cytogenetically and by complementation analysis. The analysis apparently identifies 12 simple complementation groups. In addition, two segments of the chromosome exhibit complex complementation behavior. The first, the 28A region, gave three recessive lethals and also contains three known visible mutants, spade (spd), Sternopleural (Sp) and wingless (wg); a complex pattern of genetic interaction in the region incorporates both the new and the previously known mutants. The second region is at 27D, where seven extreme semilethal mutations give a complex complementation pattern that also incorporates ade3(1). Since ade3(1) is defective in one of the enzymatic functions encoded in the Gart gene, we assume the other seven also affect the gene. The complexity of the complementation pattern presumably reflects the functional complexity of the gene product. The phenotypic effects of the mutants at 27D are very similar to those described for ade2 mutations, which also interrupt purine biosynthesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine / genetics*
  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Chromosomes*
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism
  • Ethyl Methanesulfonate / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Genes*
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Purines / metabolism*


  • Purines
  • Ethyl Methanesulfonate
  • Adenosine