The refeeding syndrome: a review

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1990 Jan-Feb;14(1):90-7. doi: 10.1177/014860719001400190.


Refeeding syndrome has been used to describe those phenomena, such as severe hypophosphatemia and other metabolic complications, seen in malnourished patients receiving concentrated calories via total parenteral nutrition. The purpose of this review is to clarify and broaden this definition, as well as to make recommendations for its recognition and, more importantly, prevention.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Metabolic Diseases / etiology*
  • Nutrition Disorders / therapy*
  • Parenteral Nutrition, Total / adverse effects*
  • Phosphorus / blood
  • Syndrome


  • Phosphorus