The lantibiotic duramycin (Moli1901, Lancovutide) has been suggested as a drug of choice in the treatment for cystic fibrosis (CF). It has been proposed that duramycin may stimulate chloride secretion through Ca²(+) -activated Cl⁻ channels (CaCC). We investigated whether duramycin exhibited any effect on Cl⁻ efflux and intracellular Ca²(+) concentration ([Ca²(+)](i)) in CF and non-CF epithelial cells. Duramycin did stimulate Cl⁻ efflux from CF bronchial epithelial cells (CFBE) in a narrow concentration range (around 1 μM). However, 100 and 250 μM of duramycin inhibited Cl⁻ efflux from CFBE cells. An inhibitor of the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR(inh)₋₁₇₂) and a blocker of the capacitative Ca²(+) entry, gadolinium chloride, inhibited the duramycin-induced Cl⁻ efflux. No effect on Cl⁻ efflux was observed in non-CF human bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE), human airway submucosal gland cell line, human pancreatic epithelial cells, CF airway submucosal gland epithelial cells, and CF pancreatic cells. The [Ca²(+)](i) was increased by 3 μM duramycin in 16HBE cells, but decreased after 1, and 3 μM of duramycin in CFBE cells. The results suggest that the mechanism responsible for the stimulation of Cl⁻ efflux by duramycin is mainly related to unspecific changes of the cell membrane or its components rather than to effects on CaCC.
© 2010 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2010 APMIS.