Despite the blood-brain barrier (BBB) the human CNS is continuously screened by blood-derived immunological cells. In certain brain areas the local BBB configuration grants passage of large molecules, whereas others are better shielded. We investigated whether these regional BBB compositions are paralleled by differences in the degree of cellular immunosurveillance by investigating tissue from 23 normal human brains for several CD markers, FoxP3, granzyme B, and perforin. Our results provide evidence that immunosurveillance is associated with locoregional BBB configuration and is mainly performed by CD3(+)/CD8(+)/granzyme B(-)/perforin(-) lymphocytes.
© 2010 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.