The expression of plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase isoform 2 and its splice variants at sites A and C in the neonatal rat cochlea

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011 Feb;75(2):196-201. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2010.10.033. Epub 2010 Nov 20.


Objective: To study the expression of plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase isoform 2 (PMCA2) and its alternative splicing at sites A (the first intracellular loop) and C (the C-terminal region) in the neonatal rat cochlea.

Methods: The cochleae from rats postnatal day 3 to postnatal day 4 (P3-P4) were dissected, fixed, embedded, and sectioned. Meanwhile, the cochlear coils from neonatal rats were isolated and fixed. Using immunofluorescence staining, the expression of PMCA2 was respectively examined in the cochlear sections and cochlear coils. In addition, the total RNAs of basilar membrane (BM, including the organ of corti, the same below), spiral ganglion (SG), spiral ligament (SL, including SV, the same below), and the whole cochlea from neonatal rats were respectively extracted and reverse transcribed to cDNAs, then subjected to primers flanking site A or C in the PMCA2 gene using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Western blot was also applied to detect the expression of PMCA2 isoforms in the cochlear tissues.

Results: We found that PMCA2 is strongly expressed in outer hair cell (OHC) bundles, SG, and stria vascularis (SV), weakly expressed in Reissner's membrane (RM), and occasionally expressed in inner hair cell (IHC) bundles. Moreover, w/a is the major splice form of PMCA2 present in hair cell bundles, z/b and z/c are the major splice forms of PMCA2 present in SG, and w/a and w/c are the major splice forms of PMCA2 present in SV. In the whole cochlea, variants w, y, and z were detected at site A, and variants a, b, and c were detected at site C. Using Western blot, variant a or b was also detectable in the same cochlear tissues mentioned above.

Conclusions: PMCA2 and its splice variants at sites A and C are differentially expressed in cochlear tissues of neonatal rat.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cochlea / metabolism
  • Cochlea / physiology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Hair Cells, Auditory / metabolism
  • Hair Cells, Auditory / physiology
  • Models, Animal
  • Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases / genetics
  • Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases / metabolism*
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • Protein Isoforms
  • Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases