Background: Deceased-donor kidney transplantation (DDKT) from high-terminal creatinine donors is associated with lower graft survival. These kidneys may be considered for discarding, worsening the organ shortage crisis. Using time-zero biopsy for histologic evaluation of these kidneys, we identified those organs eligible for transplantation, seeking to achieve better graft utility with comparable outcomes.
Methods: From April 2004 to April 2008, 55 patients underwent DDKT. A time-zero biopsy was used to examine glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, tubular atrophy, and arteriolar narrowing. A scoring system was used to determine a discard.
Results: Twenty-five patients received DDKT from donors whose terminal creatinine levels were >2.0 mg/dL (high terminal creatinine, HTC group) and 30 from donors whose terminal creatinine levels were <2.0 mg/dL (low terminal creatinine, LTC group). Patients who accepted kidneys from HTC donors had shorter waiting times (P = .011) but a higher incidence of delayed graft function after transplantation (P < .001). Nonetheless, 5-year graft survival rates were similar between the two groups.
Conclusions: With a time-zero biopsy for histologic evaluation, kidneys recovered from high-terminal creatinine donors can be transplanted to overcome the organ shortage while achieving reasonable graft survival.
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.