Physical activity correlates for Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders in the mainland United States

J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2010 Nov;21(4):1203-14. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2010.0943.


Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI) people are an understudied population that demonstrates high obesity rates and low physical activity levels. This study's aim was to examine possible correlates of physical activity in NHPI adults. Height and weight were recorded in N=100 NHPIs (46.9±5.4 years; 56% males) following completion of an anonymous questionnaire addressing health behaviors (physical activity, smoking, diet), psychosocial characteristics (social support, barriers, stage of change), neighborhood environment attributes, and knowledge of physical activity recommendations. This study sample demonstrated low physical activity (20% met recommendations) and fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption (1% met recommendations), and a high prevalence of overweight or obesity (94%). After adjusting for gender and education, F&V intake was the only significant correlate of physical activity (p<.001). Common correlates of physical activity did not generalize to NHPIs. Further investigations of culturally-specific correlates are needed so that physical activity interventions can be culturally tailored for NHPIs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diet / ethnology*
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Fruit*
  • Hawaii / ethnology
  • Health Behavior / ethnology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / ethnology*
  • Overweight / ethnology
  • Pacific Islands / ethnology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Vegetables*