The yield of 2,3- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoates (dHB's) from the reaction of .OH radicals with salicylate (SA) ions has been measured as a function of pH and in the presence of oxidants. Under steady-state radiolysis conditions, the production of these products occurs via the reactions .OH + SA----HO-SA. (radical adduct) HO-SA. H+.OH+----2-carboxyphenoxyl radical (SA.) + H2O HO-SA. + SA.----2,3-/2,5-dHB + SA The addition of the oxidants O2, Fe3+ edta, or Fe(CN)63- increases the relative yield of 2,5-dHB/2,3-dHB from about 0.2 to 1. A model to account for this effect is presented. Steady-state radiolyses of 3- and 4-hydroxybenzoate give dihydroxybenzoate products consistent with the phenol group being an ortho-para director in the electrophilic attack of the hydroxyl radical on the aromatic ring. A comparison of product distributions from the reaction of ferrous edta with hydrogen peroxide using salicylate as a scavenger strongly suggests that the same hydroxyl radical adducts are formed as in the radiation experiments.