Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer: a meta-analysis

World J Gastroenterol. 2010 Nov 28;16(44):5621-8. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v16.i44.5621.


Aim: To study the value of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for advanced gastric cancer by performing a meta-analysis of the published studies.

Methods: All published controlled trials of NAC for advanced gastric cancer vs no therapy before surgery were searched. Studies that included patients with metastases at enrollment were excluded. Databases included Cochrane Library of Clinical Comparative Trials, MEDLINE, Embase, and American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting abstracts from 1978 to 2010. The censor date was up to April 2010. Primary outcome was the odds ratio (OR) for improving overall survival rate of patients with advanced gastric cancer. Secondary outcome was the OR for down-staging tumor and increasing R0 resection in patients with advanced gastric cancer. Safety analyses were also performed. All calculations and statistical tests were performed using RevMan 5.0 software.

Results: A total of 2271 patients with advanced gastric cancer enrolled in 14 trials were divided into NAC group (n = 1054) and control group (n = 1217). The patients were followed up for a median time of 54 mo. NAC significantly improved the survival rate [OR = 1.27, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04-1.55], tumor stage (OR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.26-2.33) and R0 resection rate (OR = 1.51, 95% CI: 1.19-1.91) of patients with advanced gastric cancer. No obvious safety concerns were raised in these trials.

Conclusion: NAC can improve tumor stage and survival rate of patients with advanced gastric cancer with a rather good safety.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Gastrectomy
  • Humans
  • Neoadjuvant Therapy
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Odds Ratio
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / mortality
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / surgery
  • Survival Rate
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome