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Comparative Study
. 2011 Jan;38(1):63-70.
doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1681.2010.05464.x.

Cytochrome P450 2J3/epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids Mediate the Cardioprotection Induced by Ischaemic Post-Conditioning, but Not Preconditioning, in the Rat

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Comparative Study

Cytochrome P450 2J3/epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids Mediate the Cardioprotection Induced by Ischaemic Post-Conditioning, but Not Preconditioning, in the Rat

Gang-Gang Yu et al. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. .

Abstract

1. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases and their arachidonic acid metabolites play a protective role against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. In the present study, we investigated whether endogenous CYP2J3/epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) mediates the cardioprotective effects of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) and ischaemic post-conditioning (IPost). 2. Male Wistar rats were subjected to two cycles of IPC, consisting of 5 min ischaemia and 5 min reperfusion, followed by 45 min occlusion and 2 h reperfusion; IPost consisted of three cycles of 30 s reperfusion and 30 s re-occlusion at the onset of reperfusion. The selective CYP epoxygenase inhibitor N-methylsulphonyl-6-(2-propargyloxyphenyl)hexanamide (MS-PPOH; 3 mg/kg) was administered 10 min before ischaemia or during ischaemia 10 min before reperfusion started. Cardiac function was measured continuously with a angiocatheter connected to a fluid-filled pressure transducer and myocardial infarct size was assessed by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining at the end of the experiment. 3. Subjecting rats to IPC and IPost similarly improved cardiac function and reduced myocardial infarct size. Interestingly, IPost, but not IPC, significantly increased CYP2J3 mRNA (1.75 ± 0.22 vs 1.0; P < 0.05) and protein (1.62 ± 0.22 vs 1.0; P < 0.05), as well as 11,12-EET synthesis compared to I/R (6.2 ± 0.2 vs 2.9 ± 0.2 ng/mg wet weight, respectively; P < 0.01). Administration of MS-PPOH before ischaemia significantly decreased 11,12-EET synthesis in both IPC and IPost compared with I/R rats (2.1 ± 0.2, 3.2 ± 0.3 and 2.9 ± 0.2 ng/mg wet weight, respectively; P < 0.01), but decreased the cardioprotective effects, as evidenced by cardiac function and myocardial infarct size, of IPost only. 4. These data indicate that endogenous activation of CYP2J3/EET may be an essential trigger leading to the protective effects of IPost, but not IPC, in the rat heart.

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