Background: Antibody-dependent-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) is one of the modes of action for trastuzumab. Recent data have suggested that fragment C γ receptor (FcγR) polymorphisms have an effect on ADCC. This prospective phase II trial aimed to evaluate whether these polymorphisms are associated with clinical efficacies in patients who received trastuzumab.
Patients and methods: Patients in a neoadjuvant (N) setting received Adriamycin and cyclophosphamide followed by weekly paclitaxel/trastuzumab. Patients in a metastatic (M) setting received single trastuzumab until progression. In total, 384 distinct single nucleotide polymorphisms of different FcγR, HER2, and fucosyltransferase loci were assessed.
Results: Fifteen operable and 35 metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer patients were enrolled in each of the N and M settings, respectively. The FcγR2A-131 H/H genotype was significantly correlated with the pathologically documented response (pathological response) (P = 0.015) and the objective response (P = 0.043). The FcγR3A-158 V/V genotype was not correlated with the pathological response, but exhibited a tendency to be correlated with the objective response. Patients with the FcγR2A-131 H/H genotype had significantly longer progression-free survival in the M setting (P = 0.034).
Conclusion: The FcγR2A-131 H/H polymorphism predicted the pathological response to trastuzumab-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy in early-stage breast cancer, and the objective response to trastuzumab in metastatic breast cancer.