Is older age a poor prognostic factor in stage I and II endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma?

Gynecol Oncol. 2011 Feb;120(2):189-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2010.10.038. Epub 2010 Nov 26.


Objective: Prior studies have shown that age ≥70 years is associated with more aggressive non-endometrioid histology and worse survival in endometrial cancer. The purpose of this study is to assess if age is an independent poor prognostic factor in endometrioid histologies.

Methods: Under an IRB-approved protocol, we identified patients with surgical stage I to II endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma from 1995 to 2008 at two institutions. Patients were divided into two groups based on age at diagnosis: Group A (age 50-69 years) and Group B (age≥70 years). All patients underwent hysterectomy, bilateral salpingoophorectomy, +/-pelvic/aortic lymphadenectomy and adjuvant therapy. Prognostic factors were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses.

Results: We identified 338 patients with stage IA to IIB endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma. The median age in Group A was 59 years (range 50-69) and Group B was 75 years (range 70-92). Patients in Group B were more likely to have hypertension (51% vs. 68%, p=0.006) and coronary artery disease (9% vs. 18%, p=0.03). There were no differences in progression-free or disease-specific survival, however, Group B had a worse overall survival (OS) (50.1 vs. 62.6 months, p=0.03). On univariate analysis, age (p=0.04), grade (p=0.006), and coronary artery disease (p=0.01) were associated with worse OS. After adjusting for grade and coronary artery disease, age was no longer a significant variable for OS (p=0.17).

Conclusions: After adjusting for other poor prognostic factors, age ≥70 years alone may not be a significant variable affecting overall survival in patients with early stage endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Endometrioid / mortality*
  • Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Los Angeles / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Analysis