This study's objective was to examine the associations between resistin (RETN) polymorphisms, plasma resistin levels, and type 2 diabetes risk. We conducted two nested case-control studies in postmenopausal women (359 incident cases and 359 controls) and middle-aged/elderly men (170 incident cases and 170 controls). Controls were matched (1:1) to cases by age, race, duration of follow-up, and time of blood draw. Circulating resistin levels were higher among carriers of the variant allele for rs34861192 (p<0.0001 for women, p=0.002 for men) but not rs1862513 (p=0.15 for women, p=0.14 for men). Neither polymorphism was significantly associated with risk of type 2 diabetes after adjusting for diabetes risk factors (exercise, smoking status, alcohol intake, family history of diabetes, and matching factors) among women (rs1862513: OR=1.19, 95% CI=0.80-1.77; rs34861192: OR=0.41, 95% CI=0.14-1.19) and men (rs1862513: OR=1.05, 95% CI=0.57-1.95; rs34861192: OR=0.64, 95% CI=0.14-2.89). In conclusion, RETN promoter polymorphism rs34861192 was associated with elevated circulating resistin levels, but rs1862513 was not. Neither polymorphism was associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes.
Keywords: BMI; CRP; RETN; Resistin; TNFα-RII; type 2 diabetes.