Coccydynia: a review of pathoanatomy, aetiology, treatment and outcome

J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010 Dec;92(12):1622-7. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.92B12.25486.


Coccydynia is a painful disorder characterised by coccygeal pain which is typically exaggerated by pressure. It remains an unsolved mystery because of the perceived unpredictability of the origin of the pain, some psychological traits that may be associated with the disorder, the presence of diverse treatment options, and varied outcomes. A more detailed classification based on the aetiology and pathoanatomy of coccydynia helps to identify patients who may benefit from conservative and surgical management. This review focuses on the pathoanatomy, aetiology, clinical features, radiology, treatment and outcome of coccydynia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Coccyx / pathology*
  • Coccyx / surgery
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / diagnosis
  • Low Back Pain / etiology*
  • Low Back Pain / therapy
  • Treatment Outcome