External and internal radiation therapy: past and future directions

J Cancer Res Ther. 2010 Jul-Sep;6(3):239-48. doi: 10.4103/0973-1482.73324.


Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the modern world. Treatment modalities comprise radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. Radiation therapy can be performed by using external or internal radiation therapy. However, each method has its unique properties which undertakes special role in cancer treatment, this question is brought up that: For cancer treatment, whether external radiation therapy is more efficient or internal radiation therapy one? To answer this question, we need to consider principles and structure of individual methods. In this review, principles and application of each method are considered and finally these two methods are compared with each other.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Radiotherapy / methods*