Cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients

Clin Orthop Surg. 2010 Dec;2(4):221-6. doi: 10.4055/cios.2010.2.4.221. Epub 2010 Nov 5.

Abstract

Background: Bipolar hemiarthroplasty for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients is a viable option that can prevent the complications of an open reduction, such as nonunion and metal failure. This study evaluated the clinicoradiological results of cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients.

Methods: Forty hips were followed for more than 2 years after cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty using a Porocoat® AML Hip System. The mean age was 78.8 years and the mean follow-up period was 40.5 months. The Harris hip score and postoperative hip pain were analyzed clinically. The radiological results were assessed using a range of indices.

Results: At the last follow-up, the mean Harris hip score was 80.6 points. There were one case of hip pain and one case of thigh pain. Twenty-four cases (60%) showed no decrease in ambulation capacity postoperatively. Radiologically, there were 23 cases (57.5%) of fixation by bone ingrowth and 17 cases (42.5%) of stable fibrous fixation. There were no cases of osteolysis. Eleven cases (27.5%) of new bone formation were found around the stem. All stems were stable without significant changes in alignment or progressive subsidence.

Conclusions: The short-term results of cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures were satisfactory.

Keywords: Cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty; Intertrochanteric fracture; Old age.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip*
  • Female
  • Hip / diagnostic imaging
  • Hip Fractures / diagnostic imaging
  • Hip Fractures / surgery*
  • Hip Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pain Measurement
  • Postoperative Care
  • Prosthesis Design*
  • Radiography
  • Walking