Objective: To describe a case series of early-stage cervical cancer patients treated with excisional cone instead of radical trachelectomy as fertility-sparing surgery.
Design: Prospective study.
Setting: University hospital.
Patient(s): Early-stage cervical cancer (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IA2-IB1), age ≤ 45 years, tumor ≤ 20 mm.
Intervention(s): Cold-knife conization and laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy.
Main outcome measure(s): Recurrence and pregnancy rate.
Result(s): There were 17 patients: 4 (23.5%) IA2, 13 (76.5%) IB1; 12 (70.5%) squamous cell carcinoma, 4 (23.5%) adenocarcinoma, and 1 (6%) glassy cell tumor. Four cases (23.5%) involved lymphovascular space invasion. The median number of lymph nodes removed was 18 (range 13-51). None of the patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and two patients (12%) received three courses of adjuvant chemotherapy. No recurrences were observed after a median follow-up of 16 months (range 8-101 months). Two of five patients (40%) attempting to conceive had a spontaneous pregnancy and delivery.
Conclusion(s): In selected and informed patients, conization and laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy seems to be feasible as a fertility-sparing surgical approach.
Copyright © 2011 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.