Major vessel involvement in Behçet's disease: an update

Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2011 Jan;23(1):24-31. doi: 10.1097/BOR.0b013e3283410088.

Abstract

Purpose of review: Large vessel vasculitis occurs in a subgroup of patients with Behçet's disease who are at high risk for disease-related morbidity and mortality. Recognition of patients at risk, early detection of vasculitis, and aggressive treatment are essential for optimal care of these patients. We review the expanding knowledge on large vessel problems in Behçet's disease, highlighting recent contributions.

Recent findings: Vasculo-Behçet patients are at risk for multiple vessel-related complications including thromboses, stenoses, occlusions, and aneurysms. The primary reason for clot seems to be an inflammatory process in the vessel wall. Less invasive endovascular procedures are increasingly used to treat aneurysms in Behçet patients.

Summary: Because of earlier recognition, aggressive medical treatment, and novel surgical procedures, the morbidity and mortality of large vessel vasculitis in Behçet's disease are improving.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm / etiology
  • Aneurysm / pathology
  • Anticoagulants / therapeutic use
  • Arteritis / etiology
  • Arteritis / pathology
  • Behcet Syndrome / complications
  • Behcet Syndrome / drug therapy
  • Behcet Syndrome / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Intracranial Thrombosis / etiology
  • Intracranial Thrombosis / pathology
  • Pulmonary Artery
  • Vasculitis / pathology
  • Venous Thrombosis / etiology
  • Venous Thrombosis / pathology

Substances

  • Anticoagulants
  • Immunosuppressive Agents