STORM: a general model to determine the number and adaptive changes of epithelial stem cells in teleost, murine and human intestinal tracts

PLoS One. 2010 Nov 19;5(11):e14063. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014063.

Abstract

Intestinal stem cells play a pivotal role in the epithelial tissue renewal, homeostasis and cancer development. The lack of a general marker for intestinal stem cells across species has hampered analysis of stem cell number in different species and their adaptive changes upon intestinal lesions or during development of cancer. Here a two-dimensional model, named STORM, has been developed to address this issue. By optimizing epithelium renewal dynamics, the model examines the epithelial stem cell number by taking experimental input information regarding epithelium proliferation and differentiation. As the results suggest, there are 2.0-4.1 epithelial stem cells on each pocket section of zebrafish intestine, 2.0-4.1 stem cells on each crypt section of murine small intestine and 1.8-3.5 stem cells on each crypt section of human duodenum. The model is able to provide quick results for stem cell number and its adaptive changes, which is not easy to measure through experiments. Its general applicability to different species makes it a valuable tool for analysis of intestinal stem cells under various pathological conditions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Algorithms*
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Count
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Epithelial Cells / cytology
  • Humans
  • In Situ Nick-End Labeling
  • Intestinal Mucosa / cytology
  • Intestines / cytology*
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological*
  • Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Zebrafish