Background: To investigate the association between serological markers for Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cpn) and the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in a population-based case-control study.
Methods: A screening for AAA among 65-75-year-old men and women was performed in a population with high prevalence of disease. Most of the subjects had undergone previous testing at the age of 60, including blood sampling. A total of 42 patients with AAA were compared with 100 age- and gender-matched controls with normal aortas. Cpn immunoglobulin A (IgA) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies present in plasma samples obtained at the time of screening (current) and in the past 5-15 (mean, 12) years (historical) were analyzed. Cpn antibody titers (<1/64, 1/64, 1/264, and 1/1024) were analyzed using the microimmunofluorescence technique.
Results: No differences in current Cpn immunoglobulin A and IgG antibodies titers (p = 0.111 and 0.659), historical titers (p = 0.449 and 0.228), or titer change (delta) (p = 0.794 and 0.172) were observed between patients with AAA and controls. In all, 82% of the patients with AAA had a current Cpn IgG titer of 1/1024 as compared with the 70% of the control group. All 11 patients who had an aortic diameter of >40 mm reported having high current Cpn IgG titers. The fact that such a large proportion of the healthy population demonstrated an immune response against Cpn made it difficult to demonstrate possible effects of Cpn infection on AAA formation in a case-control study.
Conclusion: No significant associations were found between AAA detected by screening and Cpn antibody titer levels at the time of screening or during past screening at the age of 60.
Copyright © 2011 Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.