Circulating perivascular progenitors: a target of PDGFR inhibition

Int J Cancer. 2011 Sep 15;129(6):1344-50. doi: 10.1002/ijc.25816. Epub 2011 Apr 13.


Cancer blood vessels consist of two interacting types of cells: inner lining endothelial cells (ECs) and surrounding perivascular cells (pericytes, vascular smooth muscle cells or mural cells). PDGFRbeta(CD140b)+ progenitor perivascular cells (PPC) can differentiate into pericytes and regulate vessel stability and vascular survival in tumors. Similarly to what we have done with circulating ECs and progenitors, we developed a flow cytometry procedure for the enumeration of circulating PPCs and the study of their viability in murine models of cancer and in cancer patients. DNA+CD45-CD31-CD140b+ cells were enumerated by six-colour flow cytometry, their morphology was studied by electron microscopy, PPC specificity confirmed by reverse trascription-PCR (RT-PCR) expression of CD140b mRNA, and viability assessed by Syto16 and 7AAD. In preclinical marrow transplantation studies, 9 ± 4% of circulating PPCs were derived from the marrow donor. PPCs were increased in cancer-bearing mice and in patients affected by some types of cancer. At variance with the kinetic of circulating endothelial progenitors, high-dose cyclophosphamide reduced the number of viable PPCs. The administration of sunitinib, a drug known to inhibit PDGFR, was associated in murine models and in cancer patients with an increase of apoptotic/necrotic circulating PPC, suggesting a direct targeting of these cells. PPC enumeration might be studied as a tool for the definition of the optimal biologic dose of anti-PDGFR drugs and investigated clinically as a possible predictive/prognostic tool in patients receiving anti-PDGFR drugs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Animals
  • Bone Marrow Cells / cytology
  • Cell Count
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Indoles / pharmacology
  • Mice
  • Neoplasms / blood*
  • Pericytes / cytology
  • Pericytes / metabolism
  • Pericytes / physiology*
  • Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 / metabolism
  • Pyrroles / pharmacology
  • Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor beta / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor beta / metabolism*
  • Stem Cells / cytology
  • Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Stem Cells / physiology*
  • Sunitinib


  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Indoles
  • Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
  • Pyrroles
  • Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor beta
  • Sunitinib