Diffusion MR imaging in central nervous system

Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2011 Feb;19(1):23-53. doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2010.10.006.


Diffusion-weighted imaging has been used extensively in clinical practice for the early diagnosis of central nervous system conditions that restrict the diffusion of water molecules because it provides information about tumor cellularity or abscesses containing viscous fluid. DTI can detect brain lesions before any conventional imaging. Even though the role of these modalities is well defined for many neurologic lesions that affect the brain, its clinical application in spinal cord diseases is increasing. This article discusses the several central nervous system conditions that may be diagnosed with diffusion imaging.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Central Nervous System Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Contrast Media
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Humans


  • Contrast Media