The potential use of 29 kDa protein as a marker of pathogenicity and diagnosis of symptomatic infections with Blastocystis hominis

Parasitol Res. 2011 May;108(5):1139-46. doi: 10.1007/s00436-010-2156-8. Epub 2010 Dec 7.


The present study was performed to characterize the protein profiles of Blastocystis hominis isolates from symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and immunoblotting using sera from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. The presence of immunogenic bands associated with pathogenicity or of diagnostic potentials was also evaluated. The study comprised 80 individuals classified into four groups, 20 each: symptomatic blastocystosis (G1), asymptomatic blastocystosis (G2), other parasitic infections (G3), and healthy control subjects (G4). SDS-PAGE analysis of individual antigens form symptomatic and asymptomatic B. hominis isolates revealed similar and distinctive antigenic bands with significant differences in two high (123.5 and 112.3 kDa) and few low molecular weight bands (48.5, 38, 42.3, and 35.5 kDa). Immunoblotting was performed using symptomatic and asymptomatic antigen pools with sera of the four studied groups. It was found that anti-B. hominis IgG reacted with nine protein bands ranging from 100 to 18 kDa of the symptomatic antigen pool. There was a significant difference between G1 and G2 in the recognition of 64, 56, 38, and 29 kDa antigen bands. Also, anti-B. hominis IgG reacted with five protein bands ranging from 56 to 12 kDa of asymptomatic antigen pool. There was a significant difference between G1 and G2 in the recognition of 29 kDa antigen band. These findings suggest the potential use of the 29-kDa antigen as marker of pathogenicity and implicate its use in the diagnosis and differentiation between symptomatic and asymptomatic blastocystosis.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Protozoan / blood*
  • Antigens, Protozoan / chemistry
  • Antigens, Protozoan / immunology*
  • Blastocystis Infections / diagnosis*
  • Blastocystis hominis / immunology*
  • Blastocystis hominis / pathogenicity
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood
  • Molecular Weight
  • Proteome / analysis
  • Protozoan Proteins / analysis
  • Rabbits
  • Virulence Factors / chemistry
  • Virulence Factors / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Protozoan
  • Antigens, Protozoan
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Proteome
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • Virulence Factors