Effective salt criteria in callus-cultured tomato genotypes

Z Naturforsch C J Biosci. 2010 Sep-Oct;65(9-10):613-8. doi: 10.1515/znc-2010-9-1014.


Na+, Cl-, K+, Ca2+, and proline contents, the rate of lipid peroxidation level in terms of malondialdehyde (MDA) and chlorophyll content, and the changes in the activity of antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD: EC, catalase (CAT: EC, ascorbate peroxidase (APX: EC, and glutathione reductase (GR: EC, in tissues of five tomato cultivars in salt tolerance were investigated in a callus culture. The selection of effective parameters used in these tomato genotypes and to find out the use of in vitro tests in place of in vivo salt tolerance tests were investigated. As a material, five different tomato genotypes during a 10-day time period were used, and 150 mM NaCl was applied at callus plant tissue. The exposure to NaCl induced a significant increase in MDA content in both salt-resistant and salt-sensitive cultivars. But the MDA content was higher in salt-sensitive cultivars. The chlorophyll content was more decreased in salt-sensitive than in salt-resistant ones. The proline amount was more increased in salt-sensitive than in salt-resistant ones. It has been reported that salt-tolerant plants, besides being able to regulate the ion and water movements, also exhibit a strong antioxidative enzyme system for effective removal of ROS. The degree of damage depends on the balance between the formation of ROS and its removal by the antioxidative scavenging system that protects against them. Exclusion or inclusion of Na+, Cl-, K+, and Ca2+, antioxidant enzymes and MDA concentration play a key protective role against stress, and this feature at the callus plant tissue used as an identifier for tolerance to salt proved to be an effective criterion.

MeSH terms

  • Ascorbate Peroxidases
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Catalase / metabolism
  • Chlorophyll / metabolism
  • Drug Tolerance
  • Glutathione Reductase / metabolism
  • Isoenzymes / drug effects
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism
  • Peroxidases / metabolism
  • Plant Leaves / drug effects
  • Plant Leaves / enzymology
  • Plant Leaves / metabolism
  • Plant Proteins / drug effects
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism
  • Plant Roots / drug effects
  • Plant Roots / enzymology
  • Plant Roots / metabolism
  • Plant Stems / drug effects
  • Plant Stems / enzymology
  • Plant Stems / metabolism
  • Potassium / metabolism
  • Proline / metabolism
  • Sodium / metabolism
  • Sodium Chloride / pharmacology*
  • Solanum lycopersicum / cytology
  • Solanum lycopersicum / drug effects
  • Solanum lycopersicum / enzymology
  • Solanum lycopersicum / metabolism*
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism


  • Isoenzymes
  • Plant Proteins
  • Chlorophyll
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Proline
  • Sodium
  • Peroxidases
  • Ascorbate Peroxidases
  • Catalase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Glutathione Reductase
  • Potassium
  • Calcium