Positive inotropic, positive chronotropic and coronary vasodilatory effects of rat amylin: mechanisms of amylin-induced positive inotropy

Acta Physiol Hung. 2010 Dec;97(4):362-74. doi: 10.1556/APhysiol.97.2010.4.2.


Even though there are a few studies dealing with the cardiac effects of amylin, the mechanisms of amylin-induced positive inotropy are not known well. Therefore, we investigated the possible signaling pathways underlying the amylin-induced positive inotropy and compared the cardiac effects of rat amylin (rAmylin) and human amylin (hAmylin).Isolated rat hearts were perfused under constant flow condition and rAmylin or hAmylin was infused to the hearts. Coronary perfusion pressure, heart rate, left ventricular developed pressure and the maximum rate of increase of left ventricular pressure (+dP/dtmax) and the maximum rate of pressure decrease of left ventricle (-dP/dtmin) were measured.rAmylin at concentrations of 1, 10 or 100 nM markedly decreased coronary perfusion pressure, but increased heart rate, left ventricular developed pressure, +dP/dtmax and -dP/dtmin. The infusion of H-89 (50 μM), a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor did not change the rAmylin (100 nM)-induced positive inotropic effect. Both diltiazem (1 μM), an L-type Ca2+ channel blocker and ryanodine (10 nM), a sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release channel opener completely suppressed the rAmylin-induced positive inotropic effect, but staurosporine (100 nM), a potent protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor suppressed it partially. hAmylin (1, 10 and 100 nM) had no significant effect on coronary perfusion pressure, heart rate and developed pressure, +dP/dtmax and -dP/dtmin.We concluded that rAmylin might have been produced vasodilatory, positive chronotropic and positive inotropic effects on rat hearts. Ca2+ entry via L-type Ca2+ channels, activation of PKC and Ca2+ release from SR through ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ channels may be involved in this positive inotropic effect. hAmylin may not produce any significant effect on perfusion pressure, heart rate and contractility in isolated, perfused rat hearts.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology
  • Calcium Channels, L-Type / metabolism
  • Calcium Signaling
  • Coronary Circulation* / drug effects
  • Coronary Vessels / drug effects
  • Coronary Vessels / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Female
  • Heart Rate* / drug effects
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Islet Amyloid Polypeptide / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Myocardial Contraction* / drug effects
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Perfusion
  • Protein Kinase C / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel / metabolism
  • Sarcoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism
  • Time Factors
  • Vasodilation* / drug effects
  • Ventricular Function, Left
  • Ventricular Pressure


  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Calcium Channels, L-Type
  • Islet Amyloid Polypeptide
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel
  • Protein Kinase C