Comparison of running performances and prevalence of overweight and obesity in Hungarian and Ukrainian adolescents

Acta Physiol Hung. 2010 Dec;97(4):393-400. doi: 10.1556/APhysiol.97.2010.4.5.


The 20-m shuttle run (20-mSRT) is a widely used field test to estimate peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) and thus to assess aerobic fitness of adolescents (11). The purpose of this study was to analyse differences in basic anthropometric measurements (stature, body mass, percent body fat, BMI) and in aerobic fitness of Hungarian and Ukrainian adolescent boys and girls. We examined gender differences in maximal speed (km h-1), in peak VO2 (mL kg-1 min-1) and maximal heart rate (HRmax min-1). Two hundred ninety-two Ukrainian (mean age=16.5±0.5) and 374 (mean age=16.5±0.5) Hungarian adolescents volunteered to participate in this study. Differences were analysed using factorial analysis of the variance (ANOVA) and Student's t-test. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Hungarian boys and girls were significantly taller, heavier and had higher percent body fat than their Ukrainian counterparts. Altogether 10% of Hungarians and 7% of Ukrainians were classified overweight or obese according to Cole's BMI classification (4). VO2peak of Ukrainians (mean=49.44±5.29 mL kg-1 min-1) were significantly higher than that of Hungarians (mean=41.93±8.40 mL kg-1 min-1). Maximal heart rate also differed significantly (Ukrainians mean=201.12±8.43 min-1 vs. Hungarians mean=185.38±18.38 min-1).In conclusion, aerobic fitness of the Ukrainian adolescents was significantly higher than that of the Hungarians independently of BMI or gender.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adiposity / ethnology
  • Adolescent
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Body Mass Index
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hungary / epidemiology
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Obesity / ethnology*
  • Obesity / physiopathology
  • Overweight / ethnology*
  • Overweight / physiopathology
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Physical Fitness*
  • Prevalence
  • Running*
  • Ukraine / epidemiology